We’ve all heard of climate change. And the issue is quite real. The results of humans damaging their environment are showing up now more than ever. And if we don’t act now, it’ll be too late before we will be able to reverse the damage we’ve done. All around the globe, sustainable practices are being encouraged. In light of this, it’s crucial to examine the role played by Green Chemistry in reducing the harm we’ve inflicted upon our planet.
As the name suggests, Green Chemistry deals with greener alternatives to technology. The fields of chemistry and chemical engineering have been modified in such a way that they have become more sustainable. It is an effort aimed at reducing the unintended damage that has arisen as a result of chemistry being implemented in the fields of agriculture, pharmacy, commercial production, etc.
And this is the reason why it is also known as sustainable chemistry.
Our daily lives are impossible without the use of chemicals. Yet, these are the very chemicals that have also been proven to be fatal by causing diseases like cancer along with damaging our environment adversely. By implementing Green Chemistry, we’re looking at avoiding even the smallest damage caused as a result of chemical processes and techniques. This is achieved by altering the designing, manufacturing and application processes sustainably.
The main principles behind accomplishing this concept are as follows: prevention, atom economy, less hazardous chemical synthesis, designing safer chemicals, safer solvents, and auxiliaries, design for energy efficiency, use of renewable feedstock, reducing derivatives, catalysis, design for degradation, analysis for pollution prevention, and safer chemistry for accident prevention.
These principles were proposed and introduced by Paul Anastas and John Warner in 1998 and act as a guiding framework that is to be followed while applying and implementing chemistry in any field.
The benefits of Green Chemistry are many. Not only does it significantly reduce pollution levels by producing cleaner air and water, but it also makes the food and the products we consume safer and healthier. People working in chemical industries can now have safer workplace conditions thus reducing the risk of falling prey to various illnesses. It has also consistently been successful in reducing our exposure to toxic chemicals.
We can now safely say that these green chemicals do not cause harm as they can either be degraded or processed further for various other uses. Humans, plants, and animals all benefit from Green Chemistry practices alike. Reduced waste and an option for replacement have made these practices stalwarts in all industries including the business and economic industries along with making our personal lives so much better.
Green Chemistry has thus ensured that chemical traditions and practices which are integral to our lives can now be done sustainably and causing the least harm. Through creativity and innovation, we can apply green chemistry practices not only to reduce environmental damages but also to produce economic benefits as well as making each person’s everyday life much better.
There is still so much we can do in this field if we put in the effort and commitment intending to truly attain sustainability in all spheres of life.